Historical and Preservation Society of Pottawattamie County
County Seat Council Bluffs, Iowa
The H.S.P.C. is committed to the health and safety of our patrons and employees. We are presently CLOSED at both our locations, the Squirrel Cage Jail and the RailsWest Railroad Museum. The Historical Society is monitoring the COVID-19 reports from the CDC, local health officials, and government agencies. Our decision as when we can reopen the museums will be based upon these reports.
Squirrel Cage Jail Museum-
226 Pearl Street, Council Bluffs
Open April through October Thursday, Friday, Saturday 11am-4pm and Sunday 1pm-4pm
Open November through March Saturday 11am-4pm and Sunday 1pm-4pm.
Please arrive a half hour before closing to make sure you have ample time to enjoy the exhibits.
Historical and Preservation Society of Pottawattamie County members: Free
Adults: $7.00; Seniors (60 & over) and AAA Members: $6.00
Ages 6 - 12: $5.00; Ages 5 and under free.
Combined admission with RailsWest Museum: $10, kids $6.
Please contact us in advance to arrange group tours.
The Jail was built in 1885 and was in continuous use until 1969. It was acquired by the Council Bluffs Park Board in 1971 for preservation, and was named to the in 1972 by the United States Government. The Historical Society led an effort in 1977 to save the jail, and today owns and operates the facility.
The design and size of the Historic Pottawattamie County Squirrel Cage Jail make it a one-of-a-kind structure. It was one of 18 revolving (“squirrel cage”, "human rotary", or "lazy Susan") jails built. It is the only three-story one ever built. Built at a cost of about $30,000, our unique jail has three floors of revolving pie-shaped cells inside a cage. The front part of the building had offices for the jailer, kitchen, trustee cells, and quarters for women.
The design was the invention of William H. Brown and Benjamin F. Haugh, both of Indianapolis, Indiana. A patent issued to them on July 12, 1881, declared, "The object of our invention is to produce a jail in which prisoners can be controlled without the necessity of personal contact between them and the jailer." It was to provide "maximum security with minimum jailer attention." As one deputy put it, "If a jailer could count ... and he had a trusty he could trust ... he could control the jail".
The cell section remains much as it did in 1969 when it was closed by the county. The signatures and dates of many of its' infamous prisoners remain scratched in the cell walls. It remains a well restored snapshot of an interesting era of our society.Today, only 3 revolving jails remain: a one-story structure in Gallatin, Missouri; a two-story jail in Crawfordsville, Indiana; and the unique three-story jail here. All three are preserved as museums.
The Squirrel Cage Jail provides students and adults the opportunity to experience first-hand a unique piece of cultural and architectural history and to gain an understanding of this building’s unique place in cultural and national history. Its one-of-a-kind structure is unlikely to be duplicated again.